A legal warning about the negative effects of smoking is placed on every pack of cigarettes. But people still smoke. Most people link smoking to lung cancer and other diseases, but they probably may not understand that smoking has an effect on all facets of health, including the following:

a. cardiac disorders caused on by inadequate oxygen to the lungs

b. increases the body's ability to store excess fat, which raises cholesterol

c. genetic abnormalities in offspring of smoker mothers


Rise in diabetes is observed. Smoking has recently been linked to diabetes in a very clear way because it raises blood glucose levels and decreases the effectiveness of insulin activity. The risk of problems for diabetics who smoke is now known to grow as a separate risk factor for diabetes. The likelihood of developing diabetes increases with smoking frequency. Your risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes is three times higher if you smoke 16 to 25 cigarettes per day than a nonsmoker. As you stop smoking, your risk goes down over time.

The fact that smoking raises blood glucose levels and causes type 2 diabetes is becoming increasingly well established. Some major studies have recently pointed in this direction.

A recent study examined multiple such trials in which a relationship between hyperglycemia and smoking was revealed. They compared the effects of hyperglycemia and nicotine on the body in terms of insulin sensitivity and pancreatic cells. These were population-based studies that were evaluated in order to emphasize the epidemiologic and functional relationship between smoking and hyperglycemia and to develop a process that incorporates smoking assessment as part of the protocol for diabetes diagnosis and management.


d. Blood pressure and blood sugar levels are raised.

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