Introduction - The Cinema means moving pictures.  Many of us have seen moving pictures.  Many have also seen magic lantern pictures.  The Cinema is an improvement of the magic lantern.  In the magic lantern, the figures do not move.  In The Cinema, the figures are seen moving.

How the pictures are shown - In The Cinema, pictures after pictures are shown on a whtie screen by means of a machine.  Photographs of these pictures are taken very rapidly one after another by an apparatus called cinematograph.  The apparatus was invented by a sicnetist named Thomas Edison.

What pictures are shown - Various pictures are shows on the screen by the apparatus.  Sometimes, the scenes of actual objects and incidents are shown.  Thus we can see the scenes of real mountains, forests, seas, lakes, famous places, processions, etc.  Scenes of the incidents of many famous novels and dramas are also shown.

How the photographs are taken - There are special cameras for taking photographs of the moving pictures.  Sometimes, it is necessary to go to different places to take photographs, when the scenes of any novel to drama are to be shown in The Cinema.  Sometimes,  photographs of real things, and their photographs are taken.  The place where this is done is called a studio.  The shooting of these pictures is very costly.  The photograns are taken on a transparent celluloid ribbon called film.

Where films are produced - Films are produced on a large large in American and England.  These two countries are earning much money by making films.  In India also films are now being produced.

Usefulness - The cinematography is a useful art.  We can learn many things through it.  We may not see a mountain or a sea or other natural objects.  But we can see their actual pictures in The Cinema.  We may not know the customs and manners of the people of social dramas and novels and manners of the people of many countries.  We can know them when scenes of the social dramas and novels are shown on the screen.  We may not read the history of many things. But historical facts are shows there.  We may see the Niagra Falls in  The Cinema.  We may see how useful the Falls are to men.  Electricity is generated there.  Towns are lighted and factories are worked with the help of the electricity.  We can know how agriculture is carried out in an improved method.  We can know also how education is imparted in the West.  Lectures are given in England.  We may not be present there.  Still we can now hear these lectures by means of talkies.  Common people can be educated with the help of the talkies.  Lectures on health, education, agriculture and other things can be given to the given to common people by means of the cinematograph. Thus it is a very useful art to us.  It gives us pleasure.  It is a source of amusement.  In many countries in Europe, schools have got their own cinematograph and thus education films are shown to the boys.  It increases their general knowledge.

The Talkies - Formerly we could see only the movements of actors and actresses.  At present the cinematography has been improved.  We can now hear their voice also.

Its bad side - The Cinema has also a gad side.  All pictures are not good.  Some pictures do great harm to us if we see them.  We may lose our character by seeing bad pictures.  People may commit many crimes.  There is a Board to examine the films.  Its duty is to see which films should be shown in India.  The Board rejects all bad and objectionable pictures.

Conclusion - The Cinema is growing very popular.  Indian film companies may prosper if they can produce good films.  Many Indians have been employed in The Cinema industry of India.  Thus it is a source of pleasure as well as of income.

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